The Swiss canton of Lucerne is a member of the Swiss Confederation. Its capital, which is also where most of the tourist Life is also called Lucerne.
From a geographical point of view, the canton of Lucerne is also known as the Central Plateau. Typically you will find a hilly landscape with plains here.
The so-called Lucerne German is spoken in the canton of Lucerne. It is a highly Alemannic dialect.
The history of the Canton of Lucerne
Archaeologists assume that the first people lived here as early as the Neolithic Age in what is now the Canton of Lucerne. This made them the first settlers. Today we know that around 800 and 300 BC Christ Celts immigrated to Central Switzerland. Later around 15th BC Christ the Romans conquered the area on their campaigns and integrated it into the Roman Empire. The Romans were then replaced by the Germanic Alemanni in the 6th century. During this time the first monastic institutions and monasteries came into being.
The founding of the capital Lucerne goes back to the year 740. At that time they were still called Luceria. It developed into a thriving city.
In 1332 Lucerne entered into an alliance with Uri, Schwyz and Unterwalden. This was already of great use in 1386, because in the Battle of Sempach, Lucerne freed itself from the rule of the Habsburgs with the help of the amalgamation.
After the liberation was successful, the French came to Switzerland at the end of the 18th century. Lucerne temporarily lost its independence.
It was not until 1803 that Napoleon introduced the mediation constitution. This included that the cantons were given a certain degree of sovereignty. But just ten years later, the power of Emperor Napoleon collapsed and the previous balance of power was largely restored.
The capital of the canton is also very closely linked to its history and past. Both canton and city developed hand in hand to become a tourist magnet. The canton goes to great lengths to present the buildings and monuments in an attractive way and invests a lot in maintaining them.
Particularly interesting sights
Lucerne has many beautiful sights, so here is an overview of the most important ones: Among other things, one should see the Kappl Bridge with the water tower when visiting Lucerne. The city of Lucerne is crossed by several rivers. Therefore there are also many bridges here. The Chapel Bridge is one of the most important for the city. It is 170 meters long and is also the oldest covered wooden bridge. It dates from 1332. In the middle stands the city’s landmark: the water tower. It has an octagonal floor plan, which is an architectural feature.
The particularly beautiful monuments of the old town should not be missed either. In addition, the town hall from 1602-1604 is particularly worth seeing. A visit to the Speruerbrücke and the Musegg wall with the Musegg towers should also be planned.
The city of Lucerne is particularly proud of the Lion Monument. Those who like it romantic or like to dig the lake have the opportunity to take a trip on one of the paddle steamers. These five paddle steamers also represent the largest freshwater fleet in the world.
Those who appreciate churches will be delighted by the Matthäuskirche, the Jesuitenkirche and the Hofkirche St. Leodegar im Hof.