Architecture. – In the last decade the Indonesia has registered impetuous growth rates: the construction industry, in particular, has reached 10% of the country’s GDP, with constantly increasing indices. The large archipelago of which the country is composed was, as a whole, the subject of a multi-year development plan called MP3I (Masterplan for acceleration and expansion of Indonesian economic development), essentially based on infrastructures and productive activities: ports, roads, railways, power plants, telecommunication networks, industrial and agricultural processing plants, service networks, for over 500 projects in the form of partnerships between the public and private sectors to be developed in the near future. Driving was also the civil construction in the areas of residences, offices and hotels. For Indonesia 2008, please check payhelpcenter.com.
Most of the country’s production activities and services are concentrated in Java; the island however, despite the ambitions of the government which would like to follow the example of neighboring countries such as Malaysia or Singapore, maintains very strong economic disparities between its various provinces. Subjected to periodic flooding, the main Indonesian metropolitan areas also have to deal with demographic over-dimensioning and serious mobility problems: these criticalities are particularly evident in Jakarta which, in the face of a population estimated at 12 million, nevertheless boasts a decidedly average income. higher than that of the rest of the country. This is where the greatest expectations are concentrated and it is here that the plan provides for the construction of a metropolitan and suburban railway network, of a new port and large expressways, as well as the upgrading of the water supply system and the waste treatment and disposal networks, the arrangement of the river banks and the construction of various logistic-industrial centers. The city has also continued to be enriched with interesting buildings such as, for example, the Central Park Jakarta office tower (2010) designed by DP Architects; the Grha Adhi media complex (2012-14) by Atelier TT; the Sequis Center tower (2014-18) of the KPF studio (Kohn Pedersen Fox associates). Finally, the Bakrie Tower (2009) and the Pertamina energy tower are due to the American studios HOK (formerly Hellmuth, Obata + Kassabaum) and SOM, Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, respectively; the latter, home of the national energy and gas company, once the works are completed in 2019, will be among the first towers in the world that are completely self-sufficient from an energy point of view.
Cinema. – In the local film industry (which employs more than half a million people), in the years between 2007 and 2010, 15 Indonesian films dominated the box office, each one attracting more than one million admissions. Films include the screen adaptation of Andrea Hirata’s novel of the same name, Laskar pelangi (2008, known as The rainbow troops) by critically acclaimed director Riri Riza, the melodrama Ayat-ayat cinta (2008, well-known with the title Verses of love) by Hanung Bramyanto, and the film Garuda by dadaku (2009, known as Garuda at my chest) by Ifa Isfansyah, a child’s dream of becoming champion of the national football team.
In the past four years, only seven films have reached one million admissions. The number of admissions dropped from 30 million in 2010 to less than 15 million in 2014. The box office champion in 2014 was Feb ruary’scomic 8, with 1,600,000 tickets sold. Played by a group of popular comedians, it is a fun and stylized remake of films and sequences by Quentin Tarantino and Guy Ritchie, a crossroads of violent crime stories. The second film at the box office was The Raid 2 (2014) by Gareth Evans, the story of criminal gangs that divide territories of the capital Jakarta by means of martial arts.
After Suharto’s authoritarian era, but still under the control of censorship, the Indonesian mainstream is essentially about genre films, satirical or romantic comedies, high-budget action films, crime stories and, more recently, inspired popular dramas. to the growth of the presence of Islam in Indonesia.
On the independent cinema front (arthouse), far from the large numbers of blockbusters, quality in diversity is growing through works by young authors. Cahaya dari timur: Beta Maluku (2014, known as Lightsfrom the East: i am Maluku), by Angga Dwi Sasongko, tells the story of a football coach of Muslim and Christian children against the backdrop of the religious and ethnic violence that divided the multireligious population of the archipelago of the Moluccas. Tabula rasa (2014), by rookie director Adriyanto Dewo, uses Padang cuisine (typical of the island of Sumatra) to tell the reconciliation between a former Papuan footballer and a family of refugees. Selamat Pagi Malam (2014, known as In the absence of the Sun), by Lucky Kuswandi, focuses on three female stories: three women, from different social classes, followed from dusk to night in the metropolis of Jakarta. Sebelum pagi terulang (2014, known as Before the morning after), by Lasya F. Susatya, instead focuses on corruption through the stories of a family of wage earners and one of entrepreneurs. Toilet Blues (2012) by Dirmawan Hatta and Vakansi yang Janggal dan Penyakit Lainnya (2012, known as Peculiar vacation and other illnesses) by Yosep Anggi Noen follow both protagonists in search of a meaning to give to their life, in a sort of road movie that actually leads them nowhere in the end. The personal vision of the new directors, such as that of Mouly Surya, in his second feature film with Yang tidak dibicarakan ketica membicarakan cinta (2013, known as What they dont’t talk about when they talk about love), and of Teddy Soeriaatmadja in Something in the way (2013), reveals much of the society and values in which they live through often controversial works. All four of these films were presented in Italy on the occasion of the 15th edition of the Asian Festival (2014).
Finally, two emerging directors should be mentioned: Sidi Saleh, who with her Maryam won in 2014 at the Venice Film Festival in the category of short films, the first Indonesian film to be awarded at the prestigious Film Festival, and Aditya Ahmad, who graduated from the Istituto d ‘ art of Makassar, who received a special mention at the Berlin Film Festival in 2014 with his film Sepatubaru (known as On stopping the rain).