Ecotourism in Tanzania

Tanzania has 12 national parks, 1 nature reserve, 13 sanctuaries and 38 protected areas. Tanzania is famous for its famous protected areas. The main tourist attraction of the country is the Serengeti National Park.

It was founded in 1951 and covers an area of 14.8 thousand square meters. km. This is the only national park in the world where natural seasonal migrations of wild animals take place. The peaks of migration occur during the periods from May to July and from January to March. Gazelles, zebras and wildebeest in search of food and water move 800 km throughout the park and beyond, followed by predators. The Serengeti is home to 35 species of mammals, including elephants, buffaloes, leopards, lions, giraffes, rhinos, antelopes and zebras. Local landscapes vary from low grassy communities in the south of the park to tall grass savannahs in the center and forested areas in the north. In the Serengeti, there are lakes Lagaya and Magadi, where flocks of flamingos can be seen on the banks. The Ngorongoro ReserveĀ borders the Serengeti.. Its area is 8 thousand square meters. km. The reserve has a huge volcanic caldera – the largest in the world. Its diameter is 22 km, its area is 250 sq. km, and the walls of the caldera rise to a height of 610 m. Lake Magadi is located at the bottom of the caldera. The Maasai people live in the vicinity of the Ngorongoro Crater. By visiting their villages, you can get acquainted with the culture and customs of this ancient people. Ngorongoro is a very popular place, there are always a lot of cars with tourists. About 30,000 animals live in the reserve – lions, leopards, hyenas, ungulates, hippos, a two-horned rhinoceros and many birds. The world-famous Olduvai Gorge is located in Ngorongoro, where the skulls and bones of a skilled man, about 1.5 million years old, were discovered. The gorge stretches for 8 km and is part of the East African Rift Valley.

According to TOP-MEDICAL-SCHOOLS, Lake Manyara National Park is located near Ngorongoro. Here you can see rare lions that can climb trees. In the western part of the park is the East African Rift Valley, which rises above the lake. Flamingos, storks and herons live on the shores of the lake. You can watch birds here only from a distance, because it is difficult to move along the banks due to the viscous soil. The park is also open at night for observing nocturnal species of animals.

Just south of Lake Manyara is the Tarangire National Park. Most of it is covered with forests. It is best to go here during the dry season – from July to September, when animals gather along the banks of the river of the same name, which flows through the park.

National park Arusha is quite small, its area is 137 sq. km., but from here all trips to the northern parks of the country begin. It is located at the foot of the Meru volcano and is more suitable for bird lovers, because about 570 species of birds have been recorded here.

Theonly snow-capped peak in Africa and its highest point – Mount Kilimanjaro (5895 m) is located in the Kilimanjaro National Park. This park is famous for its hiking trails, where you can climb the famous extinct volcano.

Ruaha National Park is located in the central part of the country. This is the second largest national park in Tanzania.. The river of the same name flows along its border, forming beautiful gorges. The park is home to the largest population of elephants in Tanzania, and you can also see huge lion prides here, numbering more than 20 individuals.

In the southern part of Tanzania is the Selous Reserve. This is the largest reserve in Africa, its area is 50 thousand square meters. km. The Rufiji River flows through the reserve and attracts large herds of Tanzanian elephants. Lions, wild dogs, black rhinos, cheetahs, giraffes, hippos, crocodiles live here. The reserve is one of the most popular places in the world for hunting wild animals.

Gombe National Park is located on the northeastern shore of Lake Tanganyika near the city of Kigoma.. The area of this park is only 158 square meters. km. Several thousand chimpanzees live in the local forests. A Marine ParkĀ has been established on several islands close to the mainland. It includes the islands of Bongoyo, Mbudya, Pangavini and Fungu Yasini. This park was created to protect the coral reefs that surround the islands. Here you can go diving, see coral reefs or just learn more about the inhabitants of coastal waters. The underwater world of the park is extremely diverse – in the coral reefs there are butterfly fish, reef perch, coral shrimps, sea urchins, octopuses, kauri tiger snails, crabs, turtles. The Menai Bay Conservation Area is located in the south of Zanzibar Island, where sea turtles are protected, which come to these shores to lay their eggs.

Ecotourism in Tanzania