Ecotourism in Brazil


Those tourists who visit the North of the country will be amazed by the incomparable natural beauty of the Amazon rainforest. This is a mysterious area that makes up 1/3 of the territory of all of Brazil.. Amazonia is called the “lungs of the planet”, as 50% of all oxygen on the globe is produced in the Amazonian jungle. The flora and fauna in these places are unique: 25% of all pharmaceutical substances in the world are extracted from the plants of the Amazonian forest; 1800 different species of birds, 250 varieties of mammals, 1500 different species of fish live here. The Amazon River and its tributaries contain 20% of the world’s fresh water. Of the 20 longest rivers in the world, 10 are in the Amazon.

According to TOP-MEDICAL-SCHOOLS, the capital of the state of Amazonia – Manaus – is located in the middle reaches of the Amazon River, at the confluence of the Rio Negro. If you don’t see the jungle surrounding Manaus on three sides, it may well be mistaken for a European city. Quiet shady streets, public gardens, dilapidated palaces, shoe shiners, on the streets there are many small handicraftsmen with unpretentious goods. But a ten-minute walk from the city center, on the banks of the Amazon, there are palm-covered huts on stilts, in which many Indian families live. In Manaus you can look at an amazing phenomenon called the “wedding of rivers”. It is observed at the place where the black waters of the Rio Negro, rich in minerals, merge with the waters of the Solimões, which have a yellowish color, forming the Amazon. The temperatures of these waters are different, so they do not mix, and for 2 km the Amazon is divided into dark and light parts. Also in this area is Lake Zhanauari, located between two rivers and turned into an ecological park. Here you can see the giant Amazonian water lilies “Victoria Regia”.

The city of Manaus is ecologically one of the cleanest places in the world. It is located on the banks of the river and is surrounded by wildlife and is the starting point for exploring the Amazon. Located five hours northwest of Rio de Janeiro. A very interesting excursion is the night cruise. Departure from Manaus takes place before sunset to enjoy the sunset on the Rio Negro. The descent along the Rio Negro ends at Lake Janauari, where tourists change to canoes and sail into the jungle along narrow channels. In the light of the lantern you can see the glowing eyes of crocodiles. In addition to a night tour, you can ride along the canals in the daytime. You can also book a walking tour through the forest with a local guide who will tell you in detail about its flora and fauna, as well as visit local residents.

Wildlife in its original form can be seen in a place called Pantanal. Very few people live here, and there have never been cities. You can get here by flying in Cuaiba. The area is home to giant river otters, anacondas, iguanas, jaguars, cougars, crocodiles, deer and anteaters.

Cruises on ships with different levels of comfort are organized along the Amazon. As a rule, they last 3-6 days, and are arranged 1-2 times a month throughout the year. Along the way, stops are made in the jungle, in ecological parks, in villages, on beaches, and night excursions are arranged. Jungle hikes are made with a naturalist guide. During the cruise there is an opportunity to go canoeing and go fishing for piranhas.

City of Recife

Recife is known as the Venice of Brazil. There are about 40 bridges across the Beberibe, Capibaribe and Jordao rivers in the city. During the tour, a visit to the Boa Viagem beach with its natural pools, the Estelita pier and the Cinco Pontas fort, built by the Dutch in 1630, are included. Now the fort is a kind of tourist center, where the city museum and theater are located. Then a visit to the old town, where restoration was carried out and now it is the best place for evening entertainment with many bars and restaurants, some of them with live music.

Other attractions of these places: Tunisian-style Malakoff Tower, Apolo Theater (XIX century), Bom Jesus Street, where a synagogue was founded – one of the first in the Americas. Small 50 minute cruise on the Beberibe river. The tour may include a visit to the handicraft market.

Zumbi farm. The name of the farm comes from the name of the leader of the liberation movement of black slaves in Brazil. Visit to a small dam on the river, located on the territory of the farm, where you can taste local fruits. From the highest point on the farm, a magnificent panorama of the area opens up. Here you can see exotic birds and small monkeys. In addition, the tour gives an idea of the life and way of life of the descendants of black slaves.

Ecotourism in Brazil