Although Portugal is not a very large country, a large selection of holiday options allows it to occupy a leading position in terms of the annual number of visitors to the country. The mild climate and excellent beaches of the Atlantic create the best conditions for a sea holiday, while the rich history and architectural monuments of history left here will allow you to visit the most interesting excursions.
Geography of Portugal
According to collegesanduniversitiesinusa.com, Portugal lies in the southwestern part of Europe, bordering on Spain (in the east and north). Its southern and western parts are washed by the waters of the Atlantic Ocean. Most of the country lies on lowlands and plateaus, only in the northern part there are mountains, up to 1991 meters high. 1500 km from the coast of Portugal in the Atlantic Ocean are the Azores, which are an autonomous part of Portugal. This archipelago consists of nine large and a large number of small islands. It was formed due to volcanoes, therefore low mountains are typical for the relief of the islands. On many islands of the archipelago, extinct volcanoes, crater lakes and lava fields remain. Earthquakes happen here periodically.
The area of Venezuela is 92,391 km. sq., occupies the 109th place in the world by area.
10 707 924
The national currency is the Euro (EUR).
The official language is Portuguese.
Visa to Portugal
Since Portugal is a member of the Schengen Agreement, citizens of Russia and the CIS must obtain a visa. When traveling with a child over 14 years of age, he must have his own passport, and in addition to the standard set of documents, a birth certificate must be presented. To apply for a visa, you must fill out an electronic form, thus speeding up the processing of the application by the consular staff. The questionnaire is completed in English or Portuguese. The consular fee is 35 euros and is paid immediately upon submission of documents. For children entered in the parents’ passport, the fee is not charged. The validity of the visa is 30 days, and the time spent in the country is limited by the duration of the invitation.
Weather in Portugal
Throughout Portugal there is a Mediterranean subtropical climate. In summer, the temperature is not too high, but the weather is sunny and dry, the average temperature is +20 C, and in the mountains +18 C. The main amount of precipitation falls in winter, the temperature during this period is +4 +1- C. The amount of precipitation increases when moving from plains to mountains: from 400 to 2500 mm per year. July-September is the best time to travel to Portugal.
Currency exchange in Portugal
As of October 2011, the national currency rate is 1 USD = 0.72 EUR. The official currency is the euro. The most profitable way to exchange currency is at the Lisbon airport, the commission fee here is the lowest. In exchange offices and hotels, the rate is more profitable, but the commission is much higher. In many stores and markets, goods can be paid for in US dollars. You can cash traveler’s checks in almost any part of the country, in addition, their exchange rate is more profitable than for cash. There are ATMs in every tourist and commercial area.
220V/50Hz (European sockets).
The majority of the population of Portugal are Christians, of which 97% are Catholics and 1% are Protestants.
Despite the fact that the security situation in the country is very calm. Recently, the number of committed pickpocketings has been noticeably growing, and most of them occur in public transport, museums, airports and train stations, so the greatest vigilance should be exercised in these places.
When visiting Portugal, you should definitely have health insurance with you. All medical services provided here are paid.